The Fraser River is Canada’s second largest river, over 1300 km long, and one of the most commercially rafted rivers in the world. The Fraser Canyon section of the river is wedged between the Cascade Mountain Range and the Coastal Pacific Mountain Range. The narrow rock canyon walls cut a winding and narrow passage for the mighty Fraser River. The Fraser River is the largest fish producing water course in the province and the world’s largest supporter of the spawning sockeye salmon. Millions of Chinook, Coho, Chum, Pink and Sockeye Salmon pass through the canyon on their way to spawning grounds every year. In the community of Lytton the main route known as the Fraser Canyon corridor leaves the Fraser River and follows the Thompson River to Cache Creek through a section known as White Canyon. Alternatively travelers can follow the Fraser River to Lillooet and loop back around to Cache Creek via Pavilion Lake, Marble Canyon and the Hat Creek Ranch. Aboriginal history and experiences are some of the highlights of the Fraser Canyon however history buffs in general will enjoy the museums, galleries and historic attractions featuring unbelievable stories of the Fraser River Gold Rush and the birth of British Columbia. The Fraser Canyon is also known for Canada’s two transcontinental railways built on rock cliffs above the Fraser River which uses countless bridges, tunnels and other unique infrastructure to navigate the unforgiving landscape.