The Nlaka’pamux also known as Thompson River Salish, Thompson Salish, are an indigenous First Nations people of the Interior Salish language group in southern British Columbia. The Stolo or Lower Fraser Salish, are a group of First Nations peoples from the Fraser Valley British Columbia, Canada. The Stolo Traditionally speak Halq’emlem which is one of the Coast Salish languages. The word Stolo means people of the river.The St’a’imc are an Interior Salish people living in the southern Coast Mountains and Fraser Canyon British Columbia. The St’a’imc are the original inhabitants of the territory which includes parts of the Fraser Canyon, Lillooet, Whistler, and Pemberton.

Aboriginal First Nations Culture British Columbia The aboriginals of Canyon Country British Columbia used pit houses as a form of lodging primarily important in the winter, a warm safe haven during the cold winter months. A pit house is North America’s oldest known permanent housing. The Pit House is built by digging a circular or oval crater in the ground several feet deep, then a log structure is built over top with a wooden roof sealed in with various resources used from the surrounding nature. The entire structure is then buried with only an access door at the top and on the side at the bottom. The access door on the top is used by men and the door on the side is for women, children and elders to enter.

Aboriginal First Nations Culture British Colubia The Fraser River salmon may be the most important part of the aboriginal culture in Canyon Country British Columbia. First Nations used different styles of harvesting these fish including spears, dip netting, and net fishing. The Aboriginals are skilled in creating their own fishing nets by hand as they have been doing so for thousands of years. A lot of salmon throughout the summer months are used and prepared fresh by means of smoked, steamed or barbeque. However most of the salmon harvest was preserved for food during the winter months. Natives wind dried and smoked mass amounts of salmon to preserve it. Salmon was also made into a patty mixed in with berries like saskatoon and salmon berries these were also cooked and served fresh as well as wind dried or smoked for winter months.

Aboriginal First Nations Culture British Colubia The aboriginal smoke house was commonly made form split cedar used as the structure and sides of the wood. This is because cedar can have high resistance to flame and heat if prepared to do so. Inside there is a fire pit that smokes wood chips for good wood like cherry and maple trees. The salmon and other wild meats were hung or placed on racks while it slowly cooked in the hot humid smoke. The result is an extremely tasty salmon treat. Sometimes the salmon or meat would be mixed with berries or other wild ingredients.

Aboriginal First Nations Culture British Colubia Basket weaving is one of the oldest First Nations crafts. Aboriginals would carefully remove a small section of cedar bark. The bark would be removed gently off the tree so it would continue to live. Other plants and tree barks were also used to weave. Native people used weaving skills for many uses and different tools for hunting baskets, and shelter.

Aboriginal First Nations Culture British Colubia First Nations Native Pictographs Sites can be found in various locations throughout the Fraser Canyon, although most of these sites are not known to the public. The Boston Bar First Nations resort Tuckkwhiowhum which can make it possible for you to view some of these amazing links to North American history and culture. Learn interesting stories and legends as you learn and view Canadian First Nations culture in person. The photos below were provided by the Boston Bar First Nations. Current plans to open public viewing of this historic site are underway. Include Tuckkwhiowhum First Nations resort in your adventure to the Fraser Canyon.